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Home ยป What Is Kindergarten Like In Hong Kong?

What Is Kindergarten Like In Hong Kong?

Kindergartens and kindergarten-cum-child care centres (hereafter collectively referred to as “KG”) which are registered with the Education Bureau, provide services for children from three to six years old. At present, the majority of kindergartens operate on a semi-day basis and provide lower and upper kindergartens, as well as nursery school classes. Some Hong Kong kindergarten provides full-day classes, too. The purpose of education in kindergartens within Hong Kong is to nurture children to achieve all-round development in the fields of ethics, intelligence and body, as well as aesthetics and social skills as well as to cultivate healthy habits to prepare them for the future; and to encourage children’s enthusiasm in learning and instill positive attitudes towards learning in them to help establish the foundations for their future education.

Current Situation

The majority of kindergartens within Hong Kong are privately run and can be classified in two categories: non-profit making (NPM) schools (KGs) as well as private independent (PI) kindergartens, based on the sponsoring organizations that could be voluntary organizations or private companies. Kindergartens are all accredited in accordance with the Educational Ordinance. Inspections by the Education Bureau visit kindergartens regularly for counsel to teachers and principals on the curriculum, teaching techniques and the school’s administration. This Operation Manual (January 2023 Version 3) for pre-primary Schools (January 2023, Version 3) written in collaboration with the Education Bureau and the Social Welfare Department and Social Welfare Department, will provide potential school administrators with the essential information about the legal requirements and guidelines regarding the management of kindergartens.

Kindergartens differ in the size of their operations as well as the amount of rooms that vary from two to more than 10. They can however create an engaging learning environment that accommodates the interests of children and their lives by establishing different activities centres. For example, there could be a Reading Corner, Mathematics Corner, Nature Corner, Art and Crafts Corner, Music Corner, Home Corner etc. These centers are equipped with teaching aids to help students learn by themselves.

Every child in Hong Kong, irrespective of their nationality, are eligible for assistance with fees under the kindergarten and child care centre Fee Remission Scheme so long as they are less than six years old, are enrolled in child care or kindergartens centers and meet the other conditions stipulated within the program. The details can be found on this website, which is run by the Student Finance Office (SFO) of the Working Family and Student Financial Assistant Agency.

Curriculum

With regard to the changing trends in the world and the changing needs of children In light of the changing society and the needs of children, and the needs of children, Curriculum Development Council (CDC) completed a review of”Guide to the Pre-primary Curriculum “Guide on the Pre-primary Curriculum” (2006) and suggested the key elements to enhance the curriculum for kindergarten.

“Kindergarten Education Curriculum Guide” (2017) retains the premise of”Guide to the Pre-primary Curriculum” (2006) “Guide for the Curriculum in Pre-primary” (2006) It also and adopts “child-centredness” to be our primary principle, and abides by the concept that of “Understanding while respecting and recognizing the distinctive development patterns of each child.”

The curriculum for Kindergarten Education covers five objectives for development, including “Moral Development”, “Cognitive and Language Development”, “Physical Development”, “Affective and Social Development” and “Aesthetic Development”, with the aim of achieving development of the five areas of ethics as well as physique, intellect as well as social skills and aesthetics. The five goals of development are to be met through six learning areas including “Physical Health and Fitness Health”, “Language”, “Early Childhood Mathematics”, “Nature and Living”, “Self and Society” and “Arts and Creativity” All learning is based on “Values as well as Attitudes”, “Skills” and “Knowledge” that encourages a balanced and comprehensive development in children using methods such as “Real-life themes”, “Integrated Approach” and “Learning through Play”.

Qualifications for Teachers and Statutory Requirements

The minimum academic qualification to teach kindergarteners is five marks, comprising the two languages, Chinese and English in the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination (HKCEE) or the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination with no more than two examinations.

Since September 2003 the kindergarten teachers must have a Qualified Kindergarten Teacher (QKT) certificate or equivalent. Please refer to EDBC No. 28/2003 for details.

Since the 2003/04 All kindergartens are required to meet the ratio of 1:15 or less.

Since the introduction of the Pre-primary Education Voucher Scheme (PEVS) starting in the 2007/08 school year, a direct cost subsidy for parents and in tandem, financial aid for professional development of teachers are being provided to teachers.

All principals who are new to the 2009/10 school years should be able to demonstrate an education diploma of ECE [BEd(ECE)or a one-year post-qualification and have completed an accredited certificate course in the principalship prior to or ideally within the first year following their appointment.

Starting with the school year 2012/13 kindergartens that are part of the supervision of PEVS are required to hire a enough teachers who have C(ECE) Certificate in Early Childhood Education [C(ECE)certification in accordance with the teacher to ratio of 1:15.

A Comprehensive Program for children with mild disabilities

Some kindergarten-cum-child care centres have joined the “Integrated Programme” to provide intensive training and care to mildly disabled children aged 3-6. Through this program children will be more equipped for general education of the future. For more information, visit the official website for the Social Welfare Department.

Primary One Access System

Every child in Hong Kong who have reached the age of five years 8 months or more (as on the 1st day of September) are eligible to take part as part of the Primary One Admission System, in the event that they are not admitted into one of Hong Kong’s primary school at the moment. Children will be assigned to the primary one of a public or an assisted primary school. The goal of the System is to reduce the stress placed on children as a the result of fierce competition for primary spots and the detrimental effect that this could impact the kindergarten curriculum. Parents must complete an application form and state their preferred schools in order they prefer. It is the Education Bureau would input the information into the computer. Then, the primary school will be allocated to each child according to the choice stated on the application. Children who are part of the System will receive admission to primary school in a public or assisted primary school.

Steps forward

In order to encourage kindergartens to keep themselves appraised on a regular basis and to encourage self-evaluation, the Education Bureau has implemented the improved Quality Assurance Framework from this year’s school term. The public and kindergartens can be referred to as the the Performance Indicators (Kindergartens) for evaluating the quality and standards of the kindergartens. The new round of Quality Review has started in the same school year in order to increase the growth of high quality kindergarten education in Hong Kong.