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What Are Eye Floaters?

Eye floaters can be seen as spots in your eyes. They can appear as gray or black string, specks or cobwebs. They could drift away as you move your eyes. The floating flies appear to swerve away when you focus your eyes on them.

The majority of eye floaters are caused by changes in the aging process that take place as gel-like substances (vitreous) in your eyes expands and liquefies. Collagen fibers in clumps scattered throughout the eye are formed within the vitreous and cast shadows over the retina. The shadows you see are known as floating floaters.

If you notice an abrupt rise in eye floaters consult an eye doctor immediately and especially if you notice flashes of light or loss of vision. These could be signs of an emergency situation that requires immediate attention.

Signs and symptoms

Eye floater symptoms could be:

Tiny shapes that appear in your eyes which appear as dark specks , or translucent string of suspended material
Spots that move as the eyes move which means that when you attempt to gaze at them, they swiftly move away from your field of vision
Spots that can be seen are those that you see on the background of a simple and bright, like blue skies or white walls
Strings or small shapes which eventually settle and then drift away from the view of

When is the best time to visit a doctor?

Consult an eye specialist right away If you observe:

Eye floaters are more numerous than normal
A sudden appearance of new floatings
Flashes of light within the same eye as floating eyes.
A blurry or gray space that blocks part of your vision
Darkness on one or both the sides of the vision (peripheral sight loss)

The symptoms that are not painful can be caused by retinal tears, whether or not there is a retinal detached. It is a condition that can cause blindness that requires immediate care.

The Reasons

Eye floaters could result from changes in the vitreous due to aging, or other conditions or diseases:

Changes in the eyes of aging. The vitreous can be described as a jelly-like material composed of water as well as collagen (a form made of protein) and the hyaluronan (a kind of carbohydrates). The vitreous fills in the space between the retina and lens and aids in maintaining its circular shape.

As you age, your vitreous’s structure changes. In time, it begins to liquify and expands, this process causes it to separate from the surface of the eyeball.

As the vitreous expands the collagen fibers in the vitreous create clumps and strings. These fragments block some of the light entering the eye. The result is tiny shadows that are cast onto the retina. They are then viewed as floating.

Inflammation at the rear part of the eyes. Uveitis is an inflammation of the middle of tissues within the eye’s walls (uvea). Posterior Uveitis affects the rear portion of your eye which comprises the retina as well as the eye’s layer known as the choroid. The inflammation triggers floaters within the vitreous. The causes of posterior uveitis are infections, autoimmune diseases and inflammatory conditions.

Eye bleeding. Inflammation of the vitreous could be caused by a variety of factors, including retinal tears and detachments diabetes as well as hypertension (hypertension) as well as blood vessels that are blocked, and trauma. Blood cells are thought of as floating.

A tear in the retina. Retinal tears can occur when a contracted vitreous pulls on the retina, causing enough force to cause it to tear. If left untreated the tear could result in retinal disconnection. If there is fluid leakage through the tear may result in the retina becoming break away from the inside of your eye. If left untreated, retinal detachment could lead to permanent loss of vision.

Eye surgeries and medications. Certain medicines which are injected into vitreous may create air bubbles. These bubbles appear as shadows until your eyes absorbs the bubbles. Silicone oil bubbles are added during specific surgeries on the retina and the vitreous are also referred to as floating particles.

Risk factors

Factors that increase the risk of eye floaters are:

Age greater than 50
Nearsightedness
Eye injury
Eye surgery complications
The complication of diabetes can cause damage to retina’s blood vessels (diabetic retinal retinopathy)
Eye inflammation